Fallow deer farming offers an alternative to the conventional meat-production and is in line with the extensification of meadowland. The Swiss Ordinance on Animal Protection rules wild animal husbandry in general terms, only. There are no specific directions for fallow deer farming. In this paper the behaviour of four fallow deer herds was investigated in space and time during winter and during calving season. Specific attention was put on agonistic interactions at winter feeding places, on early mother-calfbehaviour and on the condition of the pasture. The four enclosures (size 1,5-3,5 ha, 5-9 dams per ha, hiding structures and additional winter feeding, e.g. hay, turnips) did not cause any problems related to animal welfare. Nevertheless, a few specific measures aiming at the improvement of the deer’s living conditions are proposed.
While botanical composition, growth cycle and phenological stage are integral factors, they are not the sole determinants of the quality of grass silages from intensively managed permanent meadows.
Food that is unsuitable for human consumption does not affect the growth performance or carcass composition of pigs to which it is fed. This makes it a promising solution for reducing food waste.
Horses are ridden or driven on a variety of surfaces, which differently absorb the impact forces exerted on hooves, limbs and the horse's entire body. Objective measurement of the functional properties of equestrian arena surfaces is therefore of great importance.