Fallow deer farming offers an alternative to the conventional meat-production and is in line with the extensification of meadowland. The Swiss Ordinance on Animal Protection rules wild animal husbandry in general terms, only. There are no specific directions for fallow deer farming. In this paper the behaviour of four fallow deer herds was investigated in space and time during winter and during calving season. Specific attention was put on agonistic interactions at winter feeding places, on early mother-calfbehaviour and on the condition of the pasture. The four enclosures (size 1,5-3,5 ha, 5-9 dams per ha, hiding structures and additional winter feeding, e.g. hay, turnips) did not cause any problems related to animal welfare. Nevertheless, a few specific measures aiming at the improvement of the deer’s living conditions are proposed.
Although milk-production oriented (MPO) cow breeds have also become established in the mountain region, farms with the dual-purpose ‘Original Simmental’ breed are proving to be economically viable, with lower costs and higher direct payments making up for lower revenues from milk.
High milk yields before drying-off increase the risk of udder infections during the dry period. An online survey highlights what drying-off methods are currently used and how farmers rate the ‘incomplete milking’ approach for reducing milk yield.
Herholz C., Siegwart J., Bruckmaier R.M., Rytz E., Lamon I., Muhr M. und Stirnimann R.
In both sport and alternative agriculture, horses are once again being used as draught animals. Efficient power transmission plays an important role in the wellbeing of draught horses.