The nutritive value of 30 plant species in alpine pastures was determined. Samples were collected at the beginning of the alpine season and three to four weeks later at two different sites. On the first sampling date the net energy content for lactation of the species was between 4.7 and 6.8 MJ/kg dry matter (DM). Between the two sampling dates the energy content of grass species decreased at a faster rate than that of legumes and herbs. On the second sampling date the energy content ranged from 3.7 to 6.5 MJ/kg DM. Compared with grass species, legumes and herbs showed a lower content of cell walls but a higher content of crude protein, as well as four times the content of calcium and twice the content of magnesium. Therefore the botanical composition of a alpine pasture has a significant influence on the nutritive value of the forage.
Spring J.-L-, Zufferey V., Verdenal T., Reynard J.-S., Lorenzini F., Bourdin G., Blouin A., Carlen C., Jermini M., Morisoli R., Ferretti M.
Five Merlot clones bred in Switzerland are currently being distributed by the certification sector. A multiyear trial conducted by Agroscope in Gudo (Canton of Ticino) has made it possible to compare them with French and Italian reference clones and to highlight their very good performances.
Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi are important for healthy soils and crops. A pan-European study shows that plant-protection products adversely affect these fungi, reducing their ability to supply plants with phosphorus via their roots.
Birdsfoot trefoil and sainfoin are used in mixtures for perennial hay meadows and for tannin-containing fodder. Agroscope is adding two new cultivars of birdsfoot trefoil to the ‘List of Recommended Varieties of Forage Plants’, whilst there is no change in the case of sainfoin.