In the year 1994, 124 farmers in the cantons of Basel-Stadt and Basel-land were interviewed to know which were their reasons of changing to methods of production compatible with environment. The results prove that many of the obstacles expected being opposed to a change to methods of production compatible with environment have been assumed with no reason or broke down these last years. For organic agriculture we know obstacles that have not been dismissed up to this day. While integrated production is becoming the standard method of agriculture in the near future, organic agriculture will still be found on less farms these next years. From the information collected in the interviews of 1994 we can expect about 60 to 70 % of farms using methods of integrated agriculture while for organic farmers we think of approximately 10 to 15 % for a medium-term.
Thanks to their unique landscapes, the 15 Swiss parks, the majority of which are located in the (pre-)Alps and in the Jura Arc, feature as tourist attractions. But do the parks also provide economic value-added for local agriculture?
To balance their nutrient cycles, Swiss farms export surplus farmyard manure to farms with free uptake capacities or to composting and anaerobic digestion facilities. Between 2015 and 2020 the volumes of organic manure and recycled fertilisers transported rose significantly, with a consequent increase in transport costs.
Employment in the agricultural sector is declining in many European countries, especially in livestock farming. Direct payments can counter this trend and lead to the employment of more – especially female – family members on the farm.