The objective of this study was to compare the ratio between input and output (costs and returns) for Holstein, Jersey, and Simmental cattle in Switzerland. A reference situation was defined for comparison. Under a milk price system in which the value of protein is twice as high as the value of fat, and with a fat quota of 4000 kg, costs for feed, housing, labour, replacement and varia are higher than returns from milk, slaughter animals and calves. The differences were 5 Rp., 9,2 Rp., and 14,3 Rp. per kg milk for Holstein, Jersey, and Simmental, respectively. To reduce production costs some recommendations are given. The efficiency of different breeds strongly depends on the production environment. In a long term consideration, dairy breeds are advantageous in most situations.
The agricultural sector as an aggregate proved resilient to the COVID-19 shock. But how did it impact agribusiness firms within the sector? Using the Swiss case, we provide the first set of evidence on how agri-food importing firms survived the pandemic economically.
Agricultural economics research uses a multitude of methods and approaches to assess existing and new policy measures. This is the basis for agricultural policy that demonstrably makes a difference, i.e. is evidence-based.
Agroscope studied the changes in the agricultural sector over the past twenty years in three Swiss regions and compared them with the visions of three associations: Avenir Suisse, the Schweizer Bauernverband and Landwirtschaft mit Zukunft.