Dairy cows kept in a cubicle housing system were offered round bales of either hay or grass silage in the exercise yard using two types of racks. Feeding them part of their daily ration outside resulted in doubling the time the cows spent in the exercise yard. Rank order had no significant effect on exercise yard use, but lower ranking cows had significantly shorter feeding bouts at the racks. The design of the racks was found to be of great importance to reduce competition for access to the round bales. The use of appropriate racks in the exercise yard is a recommendable way to make it more attractive for the cows.
While botanical composition, growth cycle and phenological stage are integral factors, they are not the sole determinants of the quality of grass silages from intensively managed permanent meadows.
Food that is unsuitable for human consumption does not affect the growth performance or carcass composition of pigs to which it is fed. This makes it a promising solution for reducing food waste.
Horses are ridden or driven on a variety of surfaces, which differently absorb the impact forces exerted on hooves, limbs and the horse's entire body. Objective measurement of the functional properties of equestrian arena surfaces is therefore of great importance.