66 newborn piglets of 11 litters were allotted to 6 treatments: 285 mg iron (Fe) as Fe methionine orally either within 12 h after birth or on the 2nd day (FeM1, FeM2), 290 mg Fe as Fe dextran orally either within 12 h after birth or on the 2nd day (FeD1, FeD2), 200 or 100 mg Fe as Fe dextran sc. on the 2nd day (Fe200, Fe100). Blood samples were drawn 1 day after iron administration and at two weeks of age. Thiobarbituric acid reactive substances in erythrocytes and plasma total antioxidant status one day after iron administration were identical in all treatments and did not differ from values obtained from piglets which had not received iron. Haemoglobin (Hb) values of the six groups did not differ in the first blood samples. At two weeks of age, Hb values in groups FeM1, FeM2, FeD1, FeD2, Fe200 and Fe100 were 101 c , 108 bc, 127 ab , 119 abc , 138 a and 128 ab g/l. Hb values at two weeks were higher in animals receiving iron dextran orally than in animals receiving iron methionine (p < 0.01). Bioavailability was not reduced when the oral administration of iron methionine and of iron dextran was delayed until the 2nd day of life.
Which stakeholders in the dairy sector have an influence on the productive life of dairy cows? Research results from FiBL and Agroscope suggest that broad-based cooperation is needed to create structures for a longer productive life.
Agriculture is aiming to reduce greenhouse gas and ammonia emissions. Agroscope showed that for dairy cattle housing, feed composition plays a role in these emissions as well as wind and temperature.
Lazzari G., Münger A., Eggerschwiler L., Borda-Molina D., Seifert J., Camarinha-Silva A., Schrade S., Zähner M., Zeyer K., Kreuzer M., Dohme-Meier F.
Tannin-containing feedstuffs like Acacia mearnsii and sainfoin (Onobrychis viciifolia) have a measurable impact in reducing methane emissions from dairy cows. However, since these feedstuffs in some cases lead to productivity losses, careful consideration must be given to their use.