66 newborn piglets of 11 litters were allotted to 6 treatments: 285 mg iron (Fe) as Fe methionine orally either within 12 h after birth or on the 2nd day (FeM1, FeM2), 290 mg Fe as Fe dextran orally either within 12 h after birth or on the 2nd day (FeD1, FeD2), 200 or 100 mg Fe as Fe dextran sc. on the 2nd day (Fe200, Fe100). Blood samples were drawn 1 day after iron administration and at two weeks of age. Thiobarbituric acid reactive substances in erythrocytes and plasma total antioxidant status one day after iron administration were identical in all treatments and did not differ from values obtained from piglets which had not received iron. Haemoglobin (Hb) values of the six groups did not differ in the first blood samples. At two weeks of age, Hb values in groups FeM1, FeM2, FeD1, FeD2, Fe200 and Fe100 were 101 c , 108 bc, 127 ab , 119 abc , 138 a and 128 ab g/l. Hb values at two weeks were higher in animals receiving iron dextran orally than in animals receiving iron methionine (p < 0.01). Bioavailability was not reduced when the oral administration of iron methionine and of iron dextran was delayed until the 2nd day of life.
Although milk-production oriented (MPO) cow breeds have also become established in the mountain region, farms with the dual-purpose ‘Original Simmental’ breed are proving to be economically viable, with lower costs and higher direct payments making up for lower revenues from milk.
High milk yields before drying-off increase the risk of udder infections during the dry period. An online survey highlights what drying-off methods are currently used and how farmers rate the ‘incomplete milking’ approach for reducing milk yield.
Herholz C., Siegwart J., Bruckmaier R.M., Rytz E., Lamon I., Muhr M. und Stirnimann R.
In both sport and alternative agriculture, horses are once again being used as draught animals. Efficient power transmission plays an important role in the wellbeing of draught horses.