Social aspects play a leading role in the sustainability concept. Therefore, the principal elements of social sustainability will be subjected to an analysis within the scope of a study of the social conditions prevailing in Swiss agriculture. The theoretical approach is based on the concept of quality of life. In Spring 2000, a postal survey was carried out in Canton Bern in the course of which 1’500 farmers (male and female) were invited to complete a standardised questionnaire. Initial results confirm the importance of the sectors health, work, family and education in everyday life, followed by income, values/attitudes and basic conditions. Factors can be defined in each sector which have a positive or negative influence on the quality of life. The quality of life index is derived by combining the importance of the individual areas of life with the respondent’s evaluation of satisfaction in these sectors. Detailed results concerning the quality of life in Swiss agriculture together with the respective conclusions which form the basis for future social reporting are expected at the end of the year 2000.
Thanks to their unique landscapes, the 15 Swiss parks, the majority of which are located in the (pre-)Alps and in the Jura Arc, feature as tourist attractions. But do the parks also provide economic value-added for local agriculture?
To balance their nutrient cycles, Swiss farms export surplus farmyard manure to farms with free uptake capacities or to composting and anaerobic digestion facilities. Between 2015 and 2020 the volumes of organic manure and recycled fertilisers transported rose significantly, with a consequent increase in transport costs.
Employment in the agricultural sector is declining in many European countries, especially in livestock farming. Direct payments can counter this trend and lead to the employment of more – especially female – family members on the farm.