In honey there are different natural antibacterial substances, or so called inhibines. One of them, hydrogen peroxide, was thought to be the most important one. However, our studies show, that there are different non-peroxide antibacterial substances. Contrary to the peroxide inhibines, they are not sensitive towards heat , light and storage. The antibacterial effect of honey is optimal, when it is stored in a cool, dark place and when it is consumed in fresh condition. The non-peroxide inhibines originate partly in the honey plants. However, the main part of the antibacterial agents is added by the bees. Four honey fractions were tested for antibacterial activity: acids, bases, lipophylic, non-volatile and volatile. The main antibacterial fraction was the acidic one, with 45 % of the total activity. Future research should elucidate the chemical nature of these antibacterial substances.
At the new Centre of Excellence for Raw-Milk Products, Agroscope and Grangeneuve interviewed test subjects about the popularity of Vacherin Fribourgeois PDO cheeses made from raw and thermised milk. The study showed that the market potential of raw-milk cheeses has not yet been exhausted.
Divico, Agroscope’s new disease-resistant grape variety, is noted for the quality of its wines. Blending trials with the Pinot Noir variety have shown that Divico is also highly suitable for correcting colour intensity in the latter.
H. Stoffers, M. Peter, H.-P. Bachmann, L. Egger, S. Dubois and B. Guggenbühl
As part of the trend towards vegetarian and vegan products, Agroscope looked into the production of plant-based alternatives to soft cheese based on Swiss raw materials.