In Switzerland dry grasslands belong to the endangered biotopes. As a part of the federal inventory of dry grasslands of national importance, this project dealt with the question which factors influence the farmers’ decision to sign a management contract for dry grassland. The results show that apart from financial reasons several other factors are relevant. These factors cannot be ranked because every single farmer places the importance differently. However it is obvious that the relevance of a factor strongly depends on the kind of production the farm is set up for.
Policies to reduce agricultural greenhouse gas emissions are more effective and more efficient if they are set at the regional level and not at the level of individual farms. This can help achieve climate targets.
Global food availability is expected to remain stable in the medium term. Food security challenges in Switzerland include the decline in agricultural land area per capita, higher incidence of extreme weather events and increased pressure from pests.
Different cultural backgrounds lead to different uptake of biodiversity agri-environmental schemes at the inner-Swiss French-German language border. Economic policy incentives could mitigate culture-driven behavioral differences.