The concept of a sustainable development of agriculture tends to meet the needs of the present generation without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. It consists of a model for the balanced management of a system with five capital assets: financial capital, human capital, physical man-made capital, social capital and natural capital. A major challenge for a more sustainable agriculture in Europe is to increase productivity at an equal or lower consumption rate of the natural capital. This may be achieved by increasing efficiency, by substitution of non-renewable external inputs and by optimising synergisms by re-design of cropping and live stock systems. Thereby, optimisation of key processes of the agroecosystem is of crucial importance. Research may support a sustainable development of agriculture by contributions to the discussion of common goals, by providing knowledge about the ecosystems such as carrying capacity and cause effect relations as well as by the development of decision support systems for farmers for a more sustainable farm management.
A comparison of different methods of winter-wheat fertilisation with nitrogen showed that nitrogen surpluses can be significantly reduced by means of site-specific variable-rate nitrogen fertilisation.
Fabian Y., Roberti G., Jacot K., Gramlich A., Benz R., Szerencsits E., Churko G., Prasuhn V., Leifeld J., Zorn A., Walter T. (ꝉ), Herzog F.
Many tile drainage systems on arable land are in need of renewal. Cantons and stakeholders will now be given a decision-making tool enabling them to assess such areas in detail and to find sustainable solutions.
Ammonia emissions from the Swiss farming sector have scarcely declined over the past 20 years. This is because the factors leading to either an increase or decrease in emissions have for the most part cancelled each other out between 2000 and 2020.