The sectoral and regional effects of the abolition of milk quotas as well as changes to the governmental price support system were analysed by means of the Sectoral Information and Forecasting System for Swiss Agriculture (SILAS). According to model calculations, as a consequence of an abolition of the milk quotas, milk production would increase in plain regions and decrease in mountain regions. In addition, a drop in sector income would have to be expected. With regard to changes to the governmental price support system, model calculations showed that the introduction of direct payments based on roughage consuming cattle equivalents would imply a more marked decrease in income than direct payments based on grassland area. From a financial point of view, plain regions would benefit more from direct payments based on roughage consuming cattle equivalents; whereas for mountain regions, direct payments based on grassland area would be more advantageous.
Thanks to their unique landscapes, the 15 Swiss parks, the majority of which are located in the (pre-)Alps and in the Jura Arc, feature as tourist attractions. But do the parks also provide economic value-added for local agriculture?
To balance their nutrient cycles, Swiss farms export surplus farmyard manure to farms with free uptake capacities or to composting and anaerobic digestion facilities. Between 2015 and 2020 the volumes of organic manure and recycled fertilisers transported rose significantly, with a consequent increase in transport costs.
Employment in the agricultural sector is declining in many European countries, especially in livestock farming. Direct payments can counter this trend and lead to the employment of more – especially female – family members on the farm.