The sectoral and regional effects of the abolition of milk quotas as well as changes to the governmental price support system were analysed by means of the Sectoral Information and Forecasting System for Swiss Agriculture (SILAS). According to model calculations, as a consequence of an abolition of the milk quotas, milk production would increase in plain regions and decrease in mountain regions. In addition, a drop in sector income would have to be expected. With regard to changes to the governmental price support system, model calculations showed that the introduction of direct payments based on roughage consuming cattle equivalents would imply a more marked decrease in income than direct payments based on grassland area. From a financial point of view, plain regions would benefit more from direct payments based on roughage consuming cattle equivalents; whereas for mountain regions, direct payments based on grassland area would be more advantageous.
Global food availability is expected to remain stable in the medium term. Food security challenges in Switzerland include the decline in agricultural land area per capita, higher incidence of extreme weather events and increased pressure from pests.
Different cultural backgrounds lead to different uptake of biodiversity agri-environmental schemes at the inner-Swiss French-German language border. Economic policy incentives could mitigate culture-driven behavioral differences.
The agricultural sector as an aggregate proved resilient to the COVID-19 shock. But how did it impact agribusiness firms within the sector? Using the Swiss case, we provide the first set of evidence on how agri-food importing firms survived the pandemic economically.