The results of a fattening trial with steers covering the weight range 300 kg LW to optimum fatness score were used for an economic analysis comparing the breeds Angus (AN), Simmental (SI), Charolais (CH), Limousin (LI), Blonde d’Aquitaine (BL) and Piemontese (PI). More than 95 % of margin variations are attributed to differences in purchasing costs and produce of sales. Factors of success are: dressing percentage, carcass conformation, and matching the degree of precocity with the feeding intensity such that growth is optimized within the limits set by the market. Under the conditions of the trial, the LI and CH breeds realized the best combination of the factors determining the economic result. Thus, they reached the highest comparable margin per large animal pen unit. There is evidence for better returns for the early maturing breeds AN and SI when maximizing the slaughter weight. The economic result of the late maturing breeds BL and PI can be improved. The corresponding possibilities are presented in part 2.
Stable climate has an important impact on the respiratory health of horses. In a study on indoor climate quality, three different ventilation systems were tested.
Although milk-production oriented (MPO) cow breeds have also become established in the mountain region, farms with the dual-purpose ‘Original Simmental’ breed are proving to be economically viable, with lower costs and higher direct payments making up for lower revenues from milk.
High milk yields before drying-off increase the risk of udder infections during the dry period. An online survey highlights what drying-off methods are currently used and how farmers rate the ‘incomplete milking’ approach for reducing milk yield.