The evolution during the fattening period of the margin of fattening steers of the breeds Angus (AN), Simmental (SI), Charolais (CH), Limousin (LI), Blonde d’Aquitaine (BL) and Piemontese (PI) was analysed for two marketing channels – standard or as label. This study is based on the results obtained with an optimum fatness score (part 1). Thereby, LI and CH steers reached the highest comparable margin per large animal pen unit. The economic result of the late maturing breeds BL and PI can be improved by increasing the feeding intensity and/or by opting for an insufficient fatness score. Considering the early maturing breeds AN and SI, better returns are obtainable when maximizing the slaughter weight on condition that feeding intensity is reduced for AN steers while SI steers benefit from the stability of their fatness score over a wider weight range. The marketing as label significantly increases the margin for all breeds.
Although milk-production oriented (MPO) cow breeds have also become established in the mountain region, farms with the dual-purpose ‘Original Simmental’ breed are proving to be economically viable, with lower costs and higher direct payments making up for lower revenues from milk.
High milk yields before drying-off increase the risk of udder infections during the dry period. An online survey highlights what drying-off methods are currently used and how farmers rate the ‘incomplete milking’ approach for reducing milk yield.
Herholz C., Siegwart J., Bruckmaier R.M., Rytz E., Lamon I., Muhr M. und Stirnimann R.
In both sport and alternative agriculture, horses are once again being used as draught animals. Efficient power transmission plays an important role in the wellbeing of draught horses.