The farms recorded in the Swiss Farm Accountancy Data Network (FADN) of the FAT were grouped into homogeneous cohorts. Investment behaviour of these cohorts in machinery, residential buildings, farm buildings, and land was attributed to variables related to the farm and to the whole economy. The study showed that of every Franc invested in the farm, eleven Centimes were spent on machinery and eight Centimes on farm buildings. The higher the farm’s equity ratio, the greater the hesitation with regard to investing. Product prices, interest rates, and labour costs all have significant influence on investment behaviour.
Policies to reduce agricultural greenhouse gas emissions are more effective and more efficient if they are set at the regional level and not at the level of individual farms. This can help achieve climate targets.
Global food availability is expected to remain stable in the medium term. Food security challenges in Switzerland include the decline in agricultural land area per capita, higher incidence of extreme weather events and increased pressure from pests.
Different cultural backgrounds lead to different uptake of biodiversity agri-environmental schemes at the inner-Swiss French-German language border. Economic policy incentives could mitigate culture-driven behavioral differences.