Based on single farm data, we apply the cluster analysis in order to build a typology for dairy farms of the Swiss canton of Fribourg. The three resulting farm groups are then assessed with regard to their dynamics i.e. their ability to adapt. The largest group of dairy farms is highly dynamic. They have increased their size in the past and plan further expansion in the future. Although the farms of the second group are in rather good structural condition, they show limited dynamics. Most of them pasture their cows on alpine farms in summer. An extremely limited dynamics characterizes the third group. Consequently, the future raw milk price reductions will represent a serious challenge for them.
Policies to reduce agricultural greenhouse gas emissions are more effective and more efficient if they are set at the regional level and not at the level of individual farms. This can help achieve climate targets.
Global food availability is expected to remain stable in the medium term. Food security challenges in Switzerland include the decline in agricultural land area per capita, higher incidence of extreme weather events and increased pressure from pests.
Different cultural backgrounds lead to different uptake of biodiversity agri-environmental schemes at the inner-Swiss French-German language border. Economic policy incentives could mitigate culture-driven behavioral differences.