Multivariate statistical methods were used to investigate the decisive factors responsible for the change of agricultural structures in Switzerland. For this purpose, the relative development of a) all farms, b) full-time farms, c) part-time farms and d) part-time workers in agriculture in the period from 1985 to 2000 was examined. 32 socio-economic and agricultural variables were combined to 9 potentially decisive factors by factor analysis. The statistical analysis could explain the development of the part-time farms mainly by the two agricultural factors “structure of farms” and “area of farms”. Therefore, the structural change in agriculture proceeds largely path-dependent. The change of agricultural structures is very different from district to district. Noticeable is the similar development in the south of Switzerland and in agglomerations. Instruments of the agricultural policy, which are mainly based on the altitude of the farms, are no longer sufficient. According to the results of the analysis of the structural change, the instruments of agricultural policy should be stronger adjusted to the different structural problems of the regions.
Despite the current challenges of e.g. the war in Ukraine and climate change, the Swiss food sector is relatively resilient. This is the conclusion reached by Agroscope’s report on behalf of the Swiss Federal Office for National Economic Supply.
The pandemic has influenced not only our everyday life but also our behaviour. Agroscope looked at which population groups and behaviours experienced or underwent particularly significant changes, and what this means for our health.
Swiss dairy farms are more strongly affected by structural change than other farm types. An analysis of the farms exiting the sector or switching focus highlights influencing factors.