The possibility to trade milk quotas changed the operational structures of Swiss Dairy farms since 1999 more than in the twenty years before. Due to the simultaneous price erosion, farmers try to adapt the operational structures. These adjustments are analyzed for the years 1999 – 2002 on the basis of 131 defined farm types. These farm types differ by clime, surface size and production. The future developments of the farms are estimated by means of a heuristic average value model. Results show that milk production shifts more and more towards larger dairy farms, combined with intensified fodder cultivation. Non-dairy farms have much lower animal units per hectare; hence there production is less intensive. Beef production changes towards more suckling cows. However the reduction of dairy cows has no effect on the total level of meat production.
Despite the current challenges of e.g. the war in Ukraine and climate change, the Swiss food sector is relatively resilient. This is the conclusion reached by Agroscope’s report on behalf of the Swiss Federal Office for National Economic Supply.
The pandemic has influenced not only our everyday life but also our behaviour. Agroscope looked at which population groups and behaviours experienced or underwent particularly significant changes, and what this means for our health.
Swiss dairy farms are more strongly affected by structural change than other farm types. An analysis of the farms exiting the sector or switching focus highlights influencing factors.