The possibility to trade milk quotas changed the operational structures of Swiss Dairy farms since 1999 more than in the twenty years before. Due to the simultaneous price erosion, farmers try to adapt the operational structures. These adjustments are analyzed for the years 1999 – 2002 on the basis of 131 defined farm types. These farm types differ by clime, surface size and production. The future developments of the farms are estimated by means of a heuristic average value model. Results show that milk production shifts more and more towards larger dairy farms, combined with intensified fodder cultivation. Non-dairy farms have much lower animal units per hectare; hence there production is less intensive. Beef production changes towards more suckling cows. However the reduction of dairy cows has no effect on the total level of meat production.
How do farmers experience social sustainability on their farms? As an Agroscope study shows, this depends on farmers’ identities and farm types.
Cheese stands out as one of the main Swiss agricultural trade offensive interests. Outside the EU, the USA are an important export destination. The CAPRI model allows to assess the impact of a free trade agreement for cheese between the USA and CH.
Policies to reduce agricultural greenhouse gas emissions are more effective and more efficient if they are set at the regional level and not at the level of individual farms. This can help achieve climate targets.