Farmers provide the proof of ecological performance (PEP) for 97 % of the utilised agricultural area of Switzerland. Ecological measures and PEP have significantly reduced the environmental damage caused by agriculture. The pollution of water and air with nitrate, phosphorous and ammoniac has decreased and ecological compensation areas contribute to stabilising the biodiversity of agricultural landscapes. Nevertheless, not all environmental objectives have been attained. In order to reach them, the present level of PEP requirements has to be maintained and in areas with severe problems additional efforts are required.
Moderately positive effects of ecological measures