Plant species richness, plant assemblages, red list plants and the fulfilment of quality requirements with respect to ecological quality payment system (ÖQV) were investigated for different mountain meadow types in the Swiss Alps. The overall quality of extensively managed meadows was slightly but not significantly higher than that of low-intensive meadows. Only intensively managed meadows clearly differed from the less intensively or extensively managed meadow types. The mean number of plant species per meadow type declined with increasing management intensity. Dry sites harboured slightly more species regardless of the management type. Other factors such as slope, altitude, accessibility (distance from farmyard) or meadow size did not significantly influence the species richness of meadows. Compared to investigations in the Swiss lowlands, the extensively or less intensively managed mountain meadows showed higher ecological quality.
Grass-based beef production is markedly less productive than intensive year-round indoor-housing system-based production. Agroscope experts therefore studied how grass-based farms can produce both economically and in an ecologically sound manner.
Orchard crop spraying using unmanned aerial spraying systems commonly referred to as drones can lead to drift, posing a risk to residents and bystanders. The study shows that the risks arising from this are taken into account by the current registration process.
Trials conducted by FiBL have shown that conversion to organic farming also promotes endangered Red List species such as the carabid beetle species Amara tricuspidata. This species and other species consume seeds of forbs and grasses and thus supports natural weed control.