The SULAPS Project uses an agrarian structure model to make prognoses on the development of mountain farming in two investigation areas in the Mittelbünden region (Canton of Grisons) for a time frame of 10-15 years. Two of the scenarios under consideration assume a major liberalisation of the agricultural markets and a halving of direct payments: In the ‘liberalisation with job availability’ scenario, the regional economy increasingly offers farmers additional and part-time job opportunities via which agricultural structural change can be effected by means of generational succession. In the ‘liberalisation with job shortages’ scenario, on the other hand, the previous non-farming jobs are partly lost, leading to a doubling of the farm abandonment rate. Many farmers are forced to opt out of agriculture, enabling the remaining farms to grow in size. This, however, cannot cushion the losses in household income resulting from a reduction in part-time employment.
Employment in the agricultural sector is declining in many European countries, especially in livestock farming. Direct payments can counter this trend and lead to the employment of more – especially female – family members on the farm.
Despite the current challenges of e.g. the war in Ukraine and climate change, the Swiss food sector is relatively resilient. This is the conclusion reached by Agroscope’s report on behalf of the Swiss Federal Office for National Economic Supply.
The pandemic has influenced not only our everyday life but also our behaviour. Agroscope looked at which population groups and behaviours experienced or underwent particularly significant changes, and what this means for our health.