Agroscope FAT Tänikon investigated the farm succession situation in Swiss agriculture on the basis of a postal survey of a representative sample of 776 Swiss male and female farm managers aged 40 and over and their children living on the farm as well as several focus groups. An analysis of the factors and processes determining whether a farm is handed down to the next generation or given up is central in order to understand the structural change in agriculture. 46 % of the interviewees declared that they had a succession, 27 % of them have none or do not know yet. A comparison of farms with and without succession showed that economic, social and cultural factors influence the probability of farm succession. Farm succession depends not only on economic criteria such as farm size but also on processes and values within the family. No secure existence and the lack of interest of the children were the main reasons for giving up agriculture.
A hoeing and spot-spraying device enables huge savings in the use of plant protection products. Although costs are higher than for conventional plant protection devices, motivated farm managers give this innovative technology genuine prospects for the future.
Thanks to their unique landscapes, the 15 regional nature parks, the majority of which are located in the (pre-)Alps and in the Jura Arc, feature as tourist attractions. But do the parks also provide economic value-added for local agriculture?
To balance their nutrient cycles, Swiss farms export surplus farmyard manure to farms with free uptake capacities or to composting and anaerobic digestion facilities. Between 2015 and 2020 the volumes of organic manure and recycled fertilisers transported rose significantly, with a consequent increase in transport costs.