The survey at hand on new apple varieties and the survey on consumer habits were conducted in 2005 at the BEA 05 in Berne and in 2006 at the Migros in Wädenswil. The investigation was part of the EU project HIDRAS, which is concerned with the development of high-quality disease resistant apple varieties for a sustainable agriculture. An aspect of particular interest in the tests was a comparison of the flavour and the external attractiveness of disease-resistant varieties with standard commercial and new varieties. The non scab-resistant varieties Diwa® and Mairac® had the best eating quality. The best of the scab-resistant varieties was Ariane. It was rated as the best looking variety. While rated as attractive, the commercial variety Royal Gala fared less well in terms of taste. Apples are a cherished snack for or between meals and should ideally be flavourful and juicy. The older the participants of the survey were, the more they tended to prefer apples over other fruits. However, the apple was still the most popular of the five fruits presented for all age groups.
Plants and microorganisms can perceive and respond to sound waves. In a review of the literature, Agroscope analysed various publications on this topic. The studies show that sound can lead to positive effects on physiology in the form of improved growth, development and disease resistance.
The war in Ukraine, dry spells and droughts followed by heavy rainfall and flooding are major challenges for our food systems. But the problems that they bring to light are nothing new – and solutions are already to hand.
Biogenic amines in foods represent a health risk. Researchers from Agroscope and INRAE investigated the formation of these undesirable substances in raclette cheeses by the bacterium Morganella morganii.