The share of part-time farms in Switzerland is low and continues to decrease. This paper attempts to explain this peculiarity. Regressions show that part-time farms do often (have to) concentrate on products with little revenue. Within product lines, farm size plays a dominant role in explaining labour productivity. On the other hand, part-time farms receive higher direct payments per worker than full-time farms, due to their more extensive management. All results support an increased structural change in Swiss agriculture.
Policies to reduce agricultural greenhouse gas emissions are more effective and more efficient if they are set at the regional level and not at the level of individual farms. This can help achieve climate targets.
Global food availability is expected to remain stable in the medium term. Food security challenges in Switzerland include the decline in agricultural land area per capita, higher incidence of extreme weather events and increased pressure from pests.
Different cultural backgrounds lead to different uptake of biodiversity agri-environmental schemes at the inner-Swiss French-German language border. Economic policy incentives could mitigate culture-driven behavioral differences.