In this study the de-linked cost of rural landscape maintenance in the Swiss region of Greifensee is calculated in order to asses Economies of Scope in agricultural provision of landscape. The results show that annual costs generated by non-agricultural actors for an area of 3580 ha amount to five million Euros. Over 50% of these costs arise from biomass disposal. Therefore, possible economies of scope in agricultural landscape provision do not arise from maintenance costs but from more efficient biomass utilisation.
A hoeing and spot-spraying device enables huge savings in the use of plant protection products. Although costs are higher than for conventional plant protection devices, motivated farm managers give this innovative technology genuine prospects for the future.
Thanks to their unique landscapes, the 15 regional nature parks, the majority of which are located in the (pre-)Alps and in the Jura Arc, feature as tourist attractions. But do the parks also provide economic value-added for local agriculture?
To balance their nutrient cycles, Swiss farms export surplus farmyard manure to farms with free uptake capacities or to composting and anaerobic digestion facilities. Between 2015 and 2020 the volumes of organic manure and recycled fertilisers transported rose significantly, with a consequent increase in transport costs.