A survey of the effects of different housing systems on the fat quality of fattening pigs (fat score of the adipose tissue) did not show any disadvantages of housing systems, based on Swiss BTS and RAUS regulations (ALT), versus conventional housing systems (CON). The fat score of ALT pigs, which have access to an outdoor area, was not significantly affected by the lower temperatures in winter. One explanation for this could be the facilities in this housing system (e.g. litter, wind protection), which may provide an ideal microclimate in the resting area. In contrast, a slight influence of temperature on the fat score was observed in CON pigs; in winter, particularly in whey-feeding systems, it was obviously more difficult to prevent temperature-dependent effects on the fat composition. It may be concluded that the alternative housing systems common in Switzerland today, with littered resting areas and year-round access to the outdoors, do not exert negative effects on the fat quality of pigs.
Although milk-production oriented (MPO) cow breeds have also become established in the mountain region, farms with the dual-purpose ‘Original Simmental’ breed are proving to be economically viable, with lower costs and higher direct payments making up for lower revenues from milk.
High milk yields before drying-off increase the risk of udder infections during the dry period. An online survey highlights what drying-off methods are currently used and how farmers rate the ‘incomplete milking’ approach for reducing milk yield.
Herholz C., Siegwart J., Bruckmaier R.M., Rytz E., Lamon I., Muhr M. und Stirnimann R.
In both sport and alternative agriculture, horses are once again being used as draught animals. Efficient power transmission plays an important role in the wellbeing of draught horses.