A study was carried out to determine by how much the price of the nearest related conventional energy source (reference energy source) would have to rise to make domestic production competitive. In the case of logwood and biogas from biowaste, the requisite price rises amounted to a maximum of 45 %. For rape methyl ester, ethanol and biogas produced on the basis of renewable resources from arable farming, the requisite price increases were considerably higher. They varied between 60 and 280 %, depending on energy source and the given assumptions. This is due chiefly to the high production costs of Swiss arable farming.
How do farmers experience social sustainability on their farms? As an Agroscope study shows, this depends on farmers’ identities and farm types.
Cheese stands out as one of the main Swiss agricultural trade offensive interests. Outside the EU, the USA are an important export destination. The CAPRI model allows to assess the impact of a free trade agreement for cheese between the USA and CH.
Policies to reduce agricultural greenhouse gas emissions are more effective and more efficient if they are set at the regional level and not at the level of individual farms. This can help achieve climate targets.