Clear and consequent implemented strategies for commercial dairy manufacturing plants in Swiss mountainous areas in a deregulated cheese market will become more important in the future. Due to demand trends of the market there are sound perspectives for the sale of premium quality and authentic cheese products. The plants participating in the mountain dairy project can secure their existence on a long term basis following strategies based on production and marketing of cheese in a high quality segment focussing on substantial value added. From an economic point of view general dairy products are less rewarding. The plants are reaching an improvement of their economical success-factors with either a clear focus on own cheese specialties or the expansion of the manufactured quantity of the traditional cheese brands. The cheese dairies are focussing mainly on a gentle enhancement of the existing products and a continuous development of sales. The development of real product innovations in commercial plants is most likely of lower importance.
Thanks to their unique landscapes, the 15 Swiss parks, the majority of which are located in the (pre-)Alps and in the Jura Arc, feature as tourist attractions. But do the parks also provide economic value-added for local agriculture?
To balance their nutrient cycles, Swiss farms export surplus farmyard manure to farms with free uptake capacities or to composting and anaerobic digestion facilities. Between 2015 and 2020 the volumes of organic manure and recycled fertilisers transported rose significantly, with a consequent increase in transport costs.
Employment in the agricultural sector is declining in many European countries, especially in livestock farming. Direct payments can counter this trend and lead to the employment of more – especially female – family members on the farm.