There have always been special requirements for agriculture in mountainous regions. Compared to plain areas an unequal evolution due to different potentials in production and changing demands of society can be observed. Traditionally dairy production was the most important sector of agriculture in most mountainous areas. As a result of environmental changes and the along going trends towards different sectors of production the question arises, which should be the future characteristics of the value chain in dairy production. The net product of the dairy production is not very rewarding. Public-opinion polls are showing a clear preference for a producing and competitive agriculture. The section of production as such is of lower relevance. The following two major lines of impact for the milk value chain based on the development potentials can be deflected: Processing regions realizing high net products with specialities of high quality and delivery regions with relatively low disadvantages in dairy costs thanks to a high milk density.
Agrivoltaics combines energy generation and agricultural production on the same land. Although this system is eliciting increasing interest, its success depends on numerous factors and the most compatible crops have yet to be identified.
How do farmers experience social sustainability on their farms? As an Agroscope study shows, this depends on farmers’ identities and farm types.
Cheese stands out as one of the main Swiss agricultural trade offensive interests. Outside the EU, the USA are an important export destination. The CAPRI model allows to assess the impact of a free trade agreement for cheese between the USA and CH.