There have always been special requirements for agriculture in mountainous regions. Compared to plain areas an unequal evolution due to different potentials in production and changing demands of society can be observed. Traditionally dairy production was the most important sector of agriculture in most mountainous areas. As a result of environmental changes and the along going trends towards different sectors of production the question arises, which should be the future characteristics of the value chain in dairy production. The net product of the dairy production is not very rewarding. Public-opinion polls are showing a clear preference for a producing and competitive agriculture. The section of production as such is of lower relevance. The following two major lines of impact for the milk value chain based on the development potentials can be deflected: Processing regions realizing high net products with specialities of high quality and delivery regions with relatively low disadvantages in dairy costs thanks to a high milk density.
Employment in the agricultural sector is declining in many European countries, especially in livestock farming. Direct payments can counter this trend and lead to the employment of more – especially female – family members on the farm.
Despite the current challenges of e.g. the war in Ukraine and climate change, the Swiss food sector is relatively resilient. This is the conclusion reached by Agroscope’s report on behalf of the Swiss Federal Office for National Economic Supply.
The pandemic has influenced not only our everyday life but also our behaviour. Agroscope looked at which population groups and behaviours experienced or underwent particularly significant changes, and what this means for our health.