In agriculture there is an increasing area of conflict between ecological and economical demands. An innovative approach that can fulfill requirements in a sustainable husbandry as well as in a competitive production is the agroforestry. On the basis of a case study conducted in Germany, we analysed how the profitability of an agroforestry system can be calculated in practice. Due to a farm analysis with implemented calculation software “Paracalc” from Agridea following conclusions were extracted: Agroforestry system has an interesting potential. A reason for this is the internal diversification of the agroforestry system which results in economical as well as ecological advantages. In order to avoid the danger of a financial overloading, a specific planning of cultivation and finances are obligatory. The calculation of the profitability must also consider risk divisions as an investment, yield insecurity due to lack of experience, and, price uncertainty as an effect of the longevity of agroforestry systems. The software “Paracalc” turned out to be a useful tool in calculating profitability for agrofrestry systems.
Policies to reduce agricultural greenhouse gas emissions are more effective and more efficient if they are set at the regional level and not at the level of individual farms. This can help achieve climate targets.
Global food availability is expected to remain stable in the medium term. Food security challenges in Switzerland include the decline in agricultural land area per capita, higher incidence of extreme weather events and increased pressure from pests.
Different cultural backgrounds lead to different uptake of biodiversity agri-environmental schemes at the inner-Swiss French-German language border. Economic policy incentives could mitigate culture-driven behavioral differences.