Future agricultural policy reforms will be a new challenge for Swiss agriculture. As a result of differences in competitiveness, it is expected that agriculture will be differently affected by a further agricultural liberalisation. In order to be able to conduct a highly differentiated policy impact analysis for specific groups of farms, the Research Institute of Organic Agriculture (FiBL) has developed the agricultural sector model CH-FARMIS. The model is based on a representative farm sample of Swiss agriculture. Individual sample farms are merged to farm groups and aggregated to sector accounts by using farm-groups specific weights. The group composition can be flexible changed. This allows a detailed analysis of the impact of alternative policy option, for example, on different farm types, regions or farming-systems.
Policies to reduce agricultural greenhouse gas emissions are more effective and more efficient if they are set at the regional level and not at the level of individual farms. This can help achieve climate targets.
Global food availability is expected to remain stable in the medium term. Food security challenges in Switzerland include the decline in agricultural land area per capita, higher incidence of extreme weather events and increased pressure from pests.
Different cultural backgrounds lead to different uptake of biodiversity agri-environmental schemes at the inner-Swiss French-German language border. Economic policy incentives could mitigate culture-driven behavioral differences.