It is only when the second series of decrees are put into practice that the 2011 agricultural policy will be fully operational. The main features of this reform programme are the reduction in price subsidies, the abolition of export subsidies, the new use of funds thus freed up for direct payments not linked to production and the lowering of customs duties on cereals and animal feed. In addition, modifications will be made to optimise implementation
Thanks to their unique landscapes, the 15 Swiss parks, the majority of which are located in the (pre-)Alps and in the Jura Arc, feature as tourist attractions. But do the parks also provide economic value-added for local agriculture?
To balance their nutrient cycles, Swiss farms export surplus farmyard manure to farms with free uptake capacities or to composting and anaerobic digestion facilities. Between 2015 and 2020 the volumes of organic manure and recycled fertilisers transported rose significantly, with a consequent increase in transport costs.
Employment in the agricultural sector is declining in many European countries, especially in livestock farming. Direct payments can counter this trend and lead to the employment of more – especially female – family members on the farm.