Although the national research programme NRP48 “Landscapes and Habitats of the Alps” dealt intensively with the Swiss mountain area, rather less research had been devoted to the alpine pastures. Therefore, many open questions remained in this area.In a preliminary study, stakeholder interviews allowed identifying the standard of knowledge, current challenges for alpine pastures and open research questions. The results of this study help to focus the four year AlpFUTUR compound project on the needs of practice and politics.
Thanks to their unique landscapes, the 15 Swiss parks, the majority of which are located in the (pre-)Alps and in the Jura Arc, feature as tourist attractions. But do the parks also provide economic value-added for local agriculture?
To balance their nutrient cycles, Swiss farms export surplus farmyard manure to farms with free uptake capacities or to composting and anaerobic digestion facilities. Between 2015 and 2020 the volumes of organic manure and recycled fertilisers transported rose significantly, with a consequent increase in transport costs.
Employment in the agricultural sector is declining in many European countries, especially in livestock farming. Direct payments can counter this trend and lead to the employment of more – especially female – family members on the farm.