Two coefficients are important for the calculation of repair costs and machine costs. The repair factor gives the proportion of new value incurred as repair costs in the course of service life. Fuel consumption, and hence fuel costs, are calculated using the average engine utilisation factor. On the basis of an empirical study both coefficients are calculated for seven machine categories, including combine-harvesters and sugar beet harvesters. The utilisation factors are very consistent in a comparison with current ART Machine Cost Report values. There are considerable differences in repair costs and repair factor. Even if the results are relativised by the low number of machines investigated, a clear reduction in repair costs per unit of work is found in relation to previous investigations.
Employment in the agricultural sector is declining in many European countries, especially in livestock farming. Direct payments can counter this trend and lead to the employment of more – especially female – family members on the farm.
Despite the current challenges of e.g. the war in Ukraine and climate change, the Swiss food sector is relatively resilient. This is the conclusion reached by Agroscope’s report on behalf of the Swiss Federal Office for National Economic Supply.
The pandemic has influenced not only our everyday life but also our behaviour. Agroscope looked at which population groups and behaviours experienced or underwent particularly significant changes, and what this means for our health.