The willingness of farmers to adopt agri-environmental measures depends greatly on the farm type and management as well on the geographic conditions of the farm. The present paper analysed the differences in the uptake of agri-environmental measures between organic and non-organic farms. A statistical comparison based on the 2005 Swiss Farm Census showed that organic farms have on average 68% higher adoption rates than non-organic farms, with a level of 20% on organic and 13% on non-organic farms. The greatest differences were identified for the measures “hedges”, “extensive meadows”, “less intensive meadows”. Unlike the other measures on arable land such as “sown wild flower strips” at the edge or within the crop area were taken up more frequently on non-organic farms. We argue that the higher uptake of agri-environmental measures indicates higher biodiversity on organic farms.
Thanks to their unique landscapes, the 15 Swiss parks, the majority of which are located in the (pre-)Alps and in the Jura Arc, feature as tourist attractions. But do the parks also provide economic value-added for local agriculture?
To balance their nutrient cycles, Swiss farms export surplus farmyard manure to farms with free uptake capacities or to composting and anaerobic digestion facilities. Between 2015 and 2020 the volumes of organic manure and recycled fertilisers transported rose significantly, with a consequent increase in transport costs.
Employment in the agricultural sector is declining in many European countries, especially in livestock farming. Direct payments can counter this trend and lead to the employment of more – especially female – family members on the farm.