The development of prices for agricultural products over the past eight hundred years can be divided into four phases. The first three phases were characterised by periods of increase and decrease. Until the middle of the 19th century these fluctuations corresponded closely to the rise in population and the occurrence of wars and epidemics. The fourth phase started at the end of the 19th century and saw prices depending far less on the rise in population: prices fell steadily as the population increased rapidly. The principal factor that influenced this phase was industrialisation. Since 2000 prices for agricultural products have been increasing again. Is this the start of a new phase of price growth? There are various indications that this is indeed the case. History has shown the direction in which prices for agricultural products may go as a result of population rises, climate
Thanks to their unique landscapes, the 15 Swiss parks, the majority of which are located in the (pre-)Alps and in the Jura Arc, feature as tourist attractions. But do the parks also provide economic value-added for local agriculture?
To balance their nutrient cycles, Swiss farms export surplus farmyard manure to farms with free uptake capacities or to composting and anaerobic digestion facilities. Between 2015 and 2020 the volumes of organic manure and recycled fertilisers transported rose significantly, with a consequent increase in transport costs.
Employment in the agricultural sector is declining in many European countries, especially in livestock farming. Direct payments can counter this trend and lead to the employment of more – especially female – family members on the farm.