The influence of the cutting height, the pre-wilting degree as well as the use of silage additives on the nutritive value and the fermentation quality was investigated in a trial. In autumn 2006, forage of a ley was cut on 7-8 cm and 3-4 cm. A part of the forage of both treatments was ensiled directly. The rest of the forage was tedded and ensiled the next day with a higher dry matter content. Moreover, forage of every variant was ensiled without or treated with a silage additive. A chemical product and two different inoculants were used as silage additives. The cutting height strongly influenced the ash content as well as the energy-content of the forage which was ensiled directly. By pre-wilting the ash content was reduced. As a result of the high nitrate contents no or only traces of butyric acid were produced. In the silages with less than 20 % dry matter high levels of acetic acid were found. These silages had little DLG-points. With the use of the silage additives some effects were reached. In the wet and dirty forage the silage quality was improved by the use of the chemical product. One of the two inoculants showed a good effect in the forage that was a little bit pre-wilted.
Stable climate has an important impact on the respiratory health of horses. In a study on indoor climate quality, three different ventilation systems were tested.
Although milk-production oriented (MPO) cow breeds have also become established in the mountain region, farms with the dual-purpose ‘Original Simmental’ breed are proving to be economically viable, with lower costs and higher direct payments making up for lower revenues from milk.
High milk yields before drying-off increase the risk of udder infections during the dry period. An online survey highlights what drying-off methods are currently used and how farmers rate the ‘incomplete milking’ approach for reducing milk yield.