The fungicide resistance level of M. graminicola, a major agent of leaf blotch of wheat, was evaluated in 2008 for samples from 17 fields. Genes coding for the target proteins of QoI and DMI fungicides were characterised genetically. The frequency of the mutation conferring QoI resistance ranged between 1 and 96%, indicating that the Swiss M. graminicola population is in a transitory phase. Compared to other European populations of this pathogen, the Swiss population is on average more sensitive to DMI fungicides. These results represent the basic information to formulate recommendations regarding the use of these two fungicide groups to achieve a durable chemical control of this widespread leaf disease of wheat.
Tuta absoluta is one of the most destructive pests of solanaceous crops. Agroscope has developed a statistical model to study the population dynamics of the pest and its parasitoids and allows interventions to be optimally planned.
Swiss vineyards are often small and arranged in a mosaic of separate plots and management practices. Therefore, it can be assumed that spray drift from conventional to organic vineyards occurs regularly. Nevertheless, no pesticide residues are detected in most organic wines.
Nay M.M., Grieder C., Frey L.A., Amdahl H., Radovic J., Jaluvka L., Palmé A., Skøt L., Ruttink T., Kölliker R.
Red clover is one of the most important legumes in European forage production. In a multi-year field trial, researchers tested Europe’s largest collection of different red clover accessions at five European locations.