The use of high altitude pastures with sheep is delicate. A bad management is a threat to the vegetation and the diversity of the flora diminishes. The goal of the study was to assess the effect of a strict pasture rotation on the diversity of vegetation. Botanical analyses have been carried out in 2002 and 2009 on 36 plots by means of the Braun-Blanquet method. During this period, the main indicators (number of species, indexes of Shannon and evenness) remained stable or evolved positively. The vegetation, in terms of botanical composition and abundance, did not undergo any important changes. The results suggest that the rotation pasture, if well managed, enables at maintaining the diversity of the vegetation. However, due to the short span of time of the survey, the results have to be interpreted with care.
Stable climate has an important impact on the respiratory health of horses. In a study on indoor climate quality, three different ventilation systems were tested.
Although milk-production oriented (MPO) cow breeds have also become established in the mountain region, farms with the dual-purpose ‘Original Simmental’ breed are proving to be economically viable, with lower costs and higher direct payments making up for lower revenues from milk.
High milk yields before drying-off increase the risk of udder infections during the dry period. An online survey highlights what drying-off methods are currently used and how farmers rate the ‘incomplete milking’ approach for reducing milk yield.