This article shows the difference in fat and fatty acid levels between preserved forages and grass. Grass was harvested from the same plot of land at two different stages (30 days apart) over three years and stored using six different processes. 42 samples were analysed by extraction using petroleum ether for fat and by gas chromatography for fatty acids. There was considerable variation in the fat levels (11 to 40 g/kg dry matter (DM)): fodder cut early showing the highest levels (26 versus 20 g/kg DM p < 0,01), and regrowth higher levels than the first cycle (26 versus 21 g/kg MS p = 0,03). Fodder stored as silage had the highest fat level (42 % more than grass content) and fodder dried on the ground the lowest (30 % less than grass content). Linolenic acid was the most important fatty acid with > 55 %. Fatty acid proportions are influenced by the stage of maturity and dry conservation methods reduce linolenic acid proportion. Grass harvested quickly as well as careful handling of the fodder maintain the fat and fatty acid levels.
Stable climate has an important impact on the respiratory health of horses. In a study on indoor climate quality, three different ventilation systems were tested.
Although milk-production oriented (MPO) cow breeds have also become established in the mountain region, farms with the dual-purpose ‘Original Simmental’ breed are proving to be economically viable, with lower costs and higher direct payments making up for lower revenues from milk.
High milk yields before drying-off increase the risk of udder infections during the dry period. An online survey highlights what drying-off methods are currently used and how farmers rate the ‘incomplete milking’ approach for reducing milk yield.