The pea weevil Sitona lineatus L. colonises pea fields sporadically in spring and damages the pea root system. To increase efficiency of insecticide treatments against this weevil, its temporal dynamics, spatial distribution and the effect of treatments were studied using traps and an aspirator. Pea weevils appeared at pea emergence, i.e. 47 degree-days after sowing. The temperature of 8°C served as development threshold and minimum and maximum daily values were used for temperature accumulation. Weevil distributions in fields were aggregated, but at no time any gradient was observed. Treatment had only small effects and the treated plot was quickly re-infested. Due to the high mobility of pea weevils, non-treated control plots required by Swiss regulations need to be monitored during the week following treatments.
Tuta absoluta is one of the most destructive pests of solanaceous crops. Agroscope has developed a statistical model to study the population dynamics of the pest and its parasitoids and allows interventions to be optimally planned.
Swiss vineyards are often small and arranged in a mosaic of separate plots and management practices. Therefore, it can be assumed that spray drift from conventional to organic vineyards occurs regularly. Nevertheless, no pesticide residues are detected in most organic wines.
Nay M.M., Grieder C., Frey L.A., Amdahl H., Radovic J., Jaluvka L., Palmé A., Skøt L., Ruttink T., Kölliker R.
Red clover is one of the most important legumes in European forage production. In a multi-year field trial, researchers tested Europe’s largest collection of different red clover accessions at five European locations.