Within the framework of a study conducted by the Swiss College of Agriculture, the types of cooperation currently in existence in the Swiss forestry industry together with the factors favorably influencing their establishment were examined. It was ascertained that a wide variety of cooperation types exist in terms of the depth of cooperation, the choice of legal structure and the number of participating partners. No «best» model could be determined; it was rather clear that successful cooperation depends on the existing situation and its key players. Some cooperation types have been selected and are presented in the form of practical advice.
Thanks to their unique landscapes, the 15 Swiss parks, the majority of which are located in the (pre-)Alps and in the Jura Arc, feature as tourist attractions. But do the parks also provide economic value-added for local agriculture?
To balance their nutrient cycles, Swiss farms export surplus farmyard manure to farms with free uptake capacities or to composting and anaerobic digestion facilities. Between 2015 and 2020 the volumes of organic manure and recycled fertilisers transported rose significantly, with a consequent increase in transport costs.
Employment in the agricultural sector is declining in many European countries, especially in livestock farming. Direct payments can counter this trend and lead to the employment of more – especially female – family members on the farm.