Swiss agricultural policy is guided by the goal of improving the ecological services provided by farms through direct payments for ecological compensation areas (ECAs), but evaluation programs have shown that financial incentives alone do not guarantee the implementation of ECAs. We investigated, by means of structured interviews with conventional, integrated production, and organic farmers, which role economic, ecological and social motivations play in the decisions by Swiss lowland farmers to implement ECAs. The results show that ECAs are primarily implemented if they are perceived by farmers to be conservation relevant and if they are easily integrated into the farm’s workflow. Financial aspects were found to play a more important role than ecological aspects for conventional farmers, while organic and integrated production farmers were found to be more ecologically oriented with organic farmers showing the highest ecological motivation. However, only a weak correlation between motivation and the quantity and quality of ECAs was found. To efficiently increase ECAs, more emphasis should be placed on communicating the benefits of specific measures and on developing instruments that make the farmers’ accomplishments apparent and increase their appreciation by farmers and consumers.
A comparison of different methods of winter-wheat fertilisation with nitrogen showed that nitrogen surpluses can be significantly reduced by means of site-specific variable-rate nitrogen fertilisation.
Fabian Y., Roberti G., Jacot K., Gramlich A., Benz R., Szerencsits E., Churko G., Prasuhn V., Leifeld J., Zorn A., Walter T. (ꝉ), Herzog F.
Many tile drainage systems on arable land are in need of renewal. Cantons and stakeholders will now be given a decision-making tool enabling them to assess such areas in detail and to find sustainable solutions.
Ammonia emissions from the Swiss farming sector have scarcely declined over the past 20 years. This is because the factors leading to either an increase or decrease in emissions have for the most part cancelled each other out between 2000 and 2020.