Agroscope Reckenholz-Tänikon Research Station ART, CH-8356 Ettenhausen

Comparison of drainage characteristics of traffic floor surfaces in cattle-housing systems

Soiled traffic floor surfaces in cattlehousing systems represent plane sources for ammonia emissions. For emission-reduction purposes, the influence of the gradient on the drainage behaviour of water was quantified on a pilot-plant scale for seven different traffic surfaces. The surfaces were uniformly soiled with a mixture of excrements and urine. Measuring parameters were the duration of drainage, mass and spread area of the residual liquid. For all parameters, there were significant differences between the gradient levels up to 4 %. The decrease in both drainage time and residual mass was considerable, especially up to a gradient of 3 %. A further increase in the gradient occasioned only slight changes. Bearing in mind the structural consequences and any possible effects on the cows’ walking behaviour, a gradient of 3 % for traffic floor surfaces would appear to be advantageous.

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