The re-allocation of head based animal to area based direct payments in the context of the next agricultural policy reform (AP 14–17) should reduce the incentive keeping high stocking densities and thus reduce emissions from agricultural production. In this contribution, we quantify the impact of this re-allocation on land-use intensities in two different mountain regions using an agent-based model. The model has been applied to the region of Visp, which is currently dominated by small part-time farmers, and to a region in the Jura, dominated by large fulltime farmers. Our findings show that resulting land-use intensities depend on the initial agricultural structure and the production activities of the farms in the different regions. To achieve proposed environmental goals in regions with different agricultural structures, concomitant policy instruments such as payments supporting resource efficiency should not be neglected.
Despite the current challenges of e.g. the war in Ukraine and climate change, the Swiss food sector is relatively resilient. This is the conclusion reached by Agroscope’s report on behalf of the Swiss Federal Office for National Economic Supply.
The pandemic has influenced not only our everyday life but also our behaviour. Agroscope looked at which population groups and behaviours experienced or underwent particularly significant changes, and what this means for our health.
Swiss dairy farms are more strongly affected by structural change than other farm types. An analysis of the farms exiting the sector or switching focus highlights influencing factors.