The genbank of Agroscope ACW is more than one hundred years old and landraces, collected at the beginning of 1900 are still conserved and available. The actual conservation techniques allow the long term preservation of an important number of species. For the species conserved by seeds, the backup conservation is carried out in Norway, at the global genebank of Svalbard (Svalbard Global Seed Vault). Varieties of vegetatively conserved species have to be cultivated with several plants at several locations. Since 1999, the National plan of action for the conservation of plant genetic resources for food and agriculture makes it possible to ensure not only the conservation but also the characterisation and agronomic evaluation of the conserved varieties. A database makes these data available for everybody. Different approaches to improve the management of the database are discussed.
Spring J.-L-, Zufferey V., Verdenal T., Reynard J.-S., Lorenzini F., Bourdin G., Blouin A., Carlen C., Jermini M., Morisoli R., Ferretti M.
Five Merlot clones bred in Switzerland are currently being distributed by the certification sector. A multiyear trial conducted by Agroscope in Gudo (Canton of Ticino) has made it possible to compare them with French and Italian reference clones and to highlight their very good performances.
Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi are important for healthy soils and crops. A pan-European study shows that plant-protection products adversely affect these fungi, reducing their ability to supply plants with phosphorus via their roots.
Birdsfoot trefoil and sainfoin are used in mixtures for perennial hay meadows and for tannin-containing fodder. Agroscope is adding two new cultivars of birdsfoot trefoil to the ‘List of Recommended Varieties of Forage Plants’, whilst there is no change in the case of sainfoin.