After the positive experience of expanding domestic production to the maximum in order to safeguard the food supply in the Second World War, greater importance has been attached to crop planning and storage for crisis situations in Switzerland than in neighbouring countries. The emergence of operational research meant that systems for the sole purpose of optimising calorie and nutrient supply became an integral component of crisis preparedness. Today’s international debate on food security, on the other hand, focuses on the dynamic price trends and price fluctuations of food, an aspect which has not as yet been incorporated into Swiss preventative strategy. However, the most recent food crises show that, especially for Switzerland, nominal supply failures are becoming increasing less likely than cardinal (i.e. fluid) supply constraints, in which price rises could become a supply problem for parts of the population. In order to gear Swiss nutritional planning to such crisis situations as well, price tre nds need to be included as a key variable in crisis planning.
Despite the current challenges of e.g. the war in Ukraine and climate change, the Swiss food sector is relatively resilient. This is the conclusion reached by Agroscope’s report on behalf of the Swiss Federal Office for National Economic Supply.
The pandemic has influenced not only our everyday life but also our behaviour. Agroscope looked at which population groups and behaviours experienced or underwent particularly significant changes, and what this means for our health.
Swiss dairy farms are more strongly affected by structural change than other farm types. An analysis of the farms exiting the sector or switching focus highlights influencing factors.