The Swiss plant production sector aims at maintaining its competitiveness, even in a liberalized economy. The research program ProfiCrops takes a look into innovations generated for the plant production sector. Innovations are a requisite for maintaining the competitiveness of the agricultural sector. A tool allowing to map innovations in the plant production sector has been created based on a literature review. A dozen criteria are hence proposed. They describe intrinsic characteristics of the innovation, the innovation process from the idea to the final product and the outcomes and impacts on the various groups of beneficiaries. This tool has been tested with HOLL rapeseed, a new product to which Agroscope has directly contributed. The results highlight some of the advantages and constraints of this tool and its use. The evaluation of outcomes and impacts requires a clear identification of the direct and indirect beneficiaries and of their behavior. The proposed tool allows to gain a synthetic overview of the innovations’ portfolio generated by research. It could then be used to formulate recommendations aiming at enhancing the adoption rate of innovations and also research efficiency.
Herbicide-resistant weeds are a growing problem throughout the world. Monitoring herbicide resistance in Switzerland allows us to understand the mechanisms behind it and to better manage the use of herbicides.
Agroscope compared crop protection strategies in apple production. Reducing the use of plant-protection products lowered the local ecotoxological risks, but resulted in trade-offs between environmental and economic performance.
Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) bacterium proteins protect Bt maize from being fed on by specific insects. A new, systematic analysis of international field data confirms that non-target organisms in Bt maize are largely spared.