The agriculture and food sector is a major contributor to greenhouse gas emissions. Emission inventories serve as a basis for reduction strategies and the respective impact assessments. To date however, efforts at assessment have frequently been characterized by limited sector perspectives. Adopting an integral approach, the present study reviews emissions from the Swiss agriculture and food sector from the perspectives of both production and consumption. Whereas emissions from the production perspective fell slightly in spite of rising output, greenhouse gas emissions from the total agriculture and food sector have risen by a total of 15 % since 1990. The main reason for this is food imports, which have increased by more than 70 % since 1990. The results reveal a considerable gap between the goals of the «Climate Strategy for Agriculture» and the trend of consumption-based emissions. The main options for action are the promotion of a climate-friendly diet and the increase
Those wishing to promote biodiversity in agriculture by means of result-based schemes need meaningful indicators. An overview of proposed and used indicators highlights developments and challenges.
Foods of animal origin – friend or foe? It all depends on the needs of consumers and on local production conditions, as shown by a major review in which Agroscope took part.
In vegetable production it is usual to leave crop residues on the field. Measurements carried out by Agroscope researchers show that removing these residues significantly reduces nitrate leaching.