Yellow nutsedge (Cyperus esculentus L.) is among the most dreaded weeds worldwide. In Switzerland, it has increasingly become a problem for vegetable growers and arable farmers. This weed propagates and disperses via vegetative tubers in the soil. Producers are facing an important challenge: They have not only to stop the weed’s further dispersal but also reduce infestation levels in fields already broadly infested with yellow nutsedge. For the later a promising strategy is continuous cropping of maize combined with intensive weed control. Field trials were carried out in maize during 3 years (2011–2013). Aims were to determine the efficacy of different herbicides, split application, and mechanical control against yellow nutsedge. The results clearly showed that split application was superior to single application. S-metolachlor, bentazone, and rimsulfuron combined with mesotrione showed high efficacy. S-metolachlor combined with hoeing passes reduced infestation levels. A late under-leaf application additionally reduced yellow nutsedge. Cropping maize with the aim to reduce yellow nutsedge infestation levels requires a very intense weed control that will exceed current intensity levels considerably.
Tuta absoluta is one of the most destructive pests of solanaceous crops. Agroscope has developed a statistical model to study the population dynamics of the pest and its parasitoids and allows interventions to be optimally planned.
Swiss vineyards are often small and arranged in a mosaic of separate plots and management practices. Therefore, it can be assumed that spray drift from conventional to organic vineyards occurs regularly. Nevertheless, no pesticide residues are detected in most organic wines.
Nay M.M., Grieder C., Frey L.A., Amdahl H., Radovic J., Jaluvka L., Palmé A., Skøt L., Ruttink T., Kölliker R.
Red clover is one of the most important legumes in European forage production. In a multi-year field trial, researchers tested Europe’s largest collection of different red clover accessions at five European locations.