A network of experimental fields in northern and western Switzerland was used to better understand the behavior of various cover crops in diversified environmental conditions. Several species were oriented towards soil cover in autumn (e.g. brown mustard). Others produced an important aerial biomass (e.g. sunflower). Some, with intermediate performance during autumn, had a good soil cover at the end of winter, as black oat for example. Multifactorial analysis allowed us to precise the relationship between cover crops performance and environmental and agronomical constraints. We identified positive correlations between soil covering in autumn and the sum of precipitations 10 days before sowing or intermediate tillage before cover crop sowing. Aerial biomass of cover crops at the time of the first frost was correlated with soil texture: lighter soils were more suitable for high aerial development. No species combined all the advantages expected from cover crops all along the fallow period but species mixtures offer the best opportunities.
Tuta absoluta is one of the most destructive pests of solanaceous crops. Agroscope has developed a statistical model to study the population dynamics of the pest and its parasitoids and allows interventions to be optimally planned.
Swiss vineyards are often small and arranged in a mosaic of separate plots and management practices. Therefore, it can be assumed that spray drift from conventional to organic vineyards occurs regularly. Nevertheless, no pesticide residues are detected in most organic wines.
Nay M.M., Grieder C., Frey L.A., Amdahl H., Radovic J., Jaluvka L., Palmé A., Skøt L., Ruttink T., Kölliker R.
Red clover is one of the most important legumes in European forage production. In a multi-year field trial, researchers tested Europe’s largest collection of different red clover accessions at five European locations.